Why Is It Called Cappuccino?
Where did term cappuccino come from? It is said the name of this popular espresso drink came from the Capuchin friar’s habit, which resembles the peak of foam atop the coffee drink.
In the 16th century the Capuchin Order of Friars was instrumental in returning Catholicism to Reformation Europe. The name Capuchin derived from the long, pointed cowls, or cappuccinos (from cappuccio, or hood), that they wore as part of their habit.
The word cappuccino was later used to describe the espresso coffee drink that is topped with frothy, steamed milk or cream, the color of which also resembling the color of the Capuchin friars’ habit.
About 42 coffee beans are needed to make one shot of espresso, and about 4,000 coffee beans are found in one pound of roasted coffee. A 132-pound sack of coffee contains about 600,000 coffee beans.
Roasting – Two Cracks and It Is Good To Go!
As coffee beans are heated up to between 400 degrees Fahrenheit and 425 degrees Fahrenheit during roasting, the outside of the bean becomes dark and oils develop, forming in pockets and being forced to the surface. The roasting causes the beans to crack (the first crack), and then crack again (the second crack), at which time they are removed from the roaster and cooled with cold air.
A longer coffee roasting time leads to a darker roast, and as the coffee beans cool they release approximately 700 chemical substances that comprise the vaporizing aromas.
A coffee tree matures after about 5 years and yields about 1 pound of coffee beans per year on average.
Both Robusta and Arabica coffee trees may produce coffee crops for more than 25 years if they are well cared for. Harvesting of the coffee cherry (fruit) occurs between November and April.
Coffee trees are grown in more than fifty countries worldwide, but in the United States and its territories only Hawaii and Puerto Rico grow coffee. All of the coffee growing regions are near the equator between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer.
That Really Is A Latte Coffee!
About 400 billion cups of coffee are consumed each year worldwide, including more than 400 million cups of coffee each day in the United States, which is the world’s largest coffee consumer. The U.S. consumes about one-fifth of the world’s coffee, and the average U.S. adult drinks about 400 cups of coffee each year. About half of all U.S. adults start the day with a Cup of Joe!
Cup of Joe Anyone?
The term Cup of Joe originated when alcohol was prohibited aboard Navy ships by Admiral Josephus “Joe” Daniels. The Navy men took to drinking coffee instead, which they nicknamed Cup of Joe in reference to the man who had forced them to cease their maritime libations.
Creating one pound of freshly-roasted Arabica coffee requires about 2,000 coffee cherry (fruits). Since each coffee cherry (except Peaberry) consists of two coffee beans, the pound of roasted coffee actually required 4,000 coffee beans – or should we call them half-beans?
GiddyYupp!! Cowboy Coffee Anyone?
It’s rough on the range! It is said that the true cowboys brewed their cup of coffee by putting some ground coffee into a sock which they put into cold water and then heat over the campfire before pouring it into their tin cup.
Potential Olympic Gold Medalist? Then Put Down the Coffee!
The International Olympic Committee prohibits athletes from using excessive caffeine. If an athlete has more than 12 micrograms of caffeine in their system they will be banned from competing in the Olympic games. For reference, it takes about 5 cups of coffee to reach that level.
Waste Not, Want Not!
Companies that produce decaffeinated coffee used to throw the dreaded caffeine away. Now the pharmeceutical companies purchase the caffeine.
Pure caffeine is a crystalline white powder – its chemical name is 1,4,7 – trimethylxanthine, and the chemical formula for it is C8H10N4 O2
How and When We Like Our Coffee
A little more than one-tenth of all coffee consumed is instant coffee, and that may go up now that Starbucks is promoting their new Via instant coffee product.
Nearly 40% of coffee drinkers prefer their beverage black, and more than 60% add some sweetener. Only about one-third of U.S. coffee drinkers add sweetener, while more than 40% of Germans add sweetener to their coffee.
Good Morning Sunshine! Is the Coffee Ready Yet?
Half of all United States adults begin their day with coffee, and three-fourths of U.S. coffee drinkers brew it at home. About one-third of all coffee drinking occurs at breakfast time.
Coffee Crop Yield
One acre of coffee trees will typically produce about 10,000 coffee cherry (fruits), which will reduce to about one ton of hulled and milled coffee beans.
Room For Cream? How’s That?
Some people have unique coffee preferences. The infamous Frederick the Great liked his made with champagne and with a bit of mustard added!
England’s Public Demands Their Coffeehouses
England’s wine and ale sellers were angered by the introduction of coffee, which they felt threatened their sales. In response these liquor vendors protested to Charles II and persuaded him to issue an order that shut down coffeehouses.
The public then launched their own protest in favor of the coffeehouses. Charles II retracted his order on January 8, 1675.
You Say You Want A Revolution! Well, You Know….!
Coffee houses are breeding grounds for dissent, or so it seems from the fact that the French Revolution as well as the American Revolution are said to have begun in such establishments.
The Green Dragon (Green Lion) Public House in London’s Lloyd District is said to have been the place where patriots began their plotting for the American Revolution.
The 1789 French Revolution was incited by the verbal campaign of Camille Desmoulin which led to street protests. Two days later was the Fall of the Bastille marking the French Government’s overthrow and the beginning of a changed France.
Producing Coffee Takes A Latte Hard Work!
In Brazil alone there are nearly 4 billion coffee trees and more than 5 million coffee trade workers producing about three and one-third billion pounds of coffee annually.
About two-thirds of all coffee is grown in the Americas including one-third of all coffee being grown in Brazil. Worldwide there are about 25 million coffee trade workers.
Japanese Love Their Coffee
The official Coffee Day in Japan takes place every October 1st. Since 1945 canned, iced coffee has been very popular in Japan.
The Color Of Coffee Berries
When coffee berries appear on the coffee tree they are green. Soon they turn yellow and then increasingly reddish. When the coffee berries, or cherry, or completely dark crimson they are ripe. Some say the time of perfect ripeness is just before it is fully crimson.
The Scent of Coffee Flowers
Kona coffee trees produce fragrant white blossoms known as Kona Snow. Though the flowers are short-lived they are highly aromatic with a scent between orange and jasmine.
Paris’ First Coffeehouse
The first coffeehouse in Paris opened in 1689 and was called Cafe Procope. The coffeehouse was located across from Theatre Francais, and thus had as its patrons many actors and artists. The owner of Cafe Procope was Francois Procope, who had previously sold lemonade.
Coffee Beans That Make The Grade
Different countries and coffee growing regions have different methods of grading their coffee beans.
In Kona Coffee Country on the Big Island of Hawaii in the United States [CHECK GET],
Costa Rica’s coffee bean grading system includes the following grades: Low Grown Atlantic, Medium Grown Atlantic, High Grown Atlantic, Medium Hard Bean, Hard Bean, Good Hard Bean, and Strictly Hard Bean.
In Columbia the coffee beans are grades as either Pasilla (the lowest grade), Extra, Excelso, or Supremo.
In Kenya the best coffee beans are labeled AA. Other grades are A, B, and C.
Coffee Drinkers Around the World – How Different Countries Like Their Coffee
Moroccans like peppercorns with their coffee.
Austrians prefer whip cream in their coffee.
Mexicans often use cinnamon in their coffee.
Egyptians like straight, strong coffee but will sweeten it at weddings.
Middle Eastern coffee drinkers like to add spices such as cardamom.
Italians prefer sugar in their espresso.
Swiss and Germans add hot chocolate to their coffee.
Belgians also like chocolate in their coffee.
Turkey and Greece serve their elders coffee before all others.
Ethiopians like a pinch of salt in their coffee.
Ugandans wrap green coffee beans with spices and sweet grasses and hang these decorations/talismans in their homes.
Bedouins serve coffee with ginger or cardamom and say to their guest “Allah wa sablan” (”My home is your home”).
Yugoslavians have small coffee shops called kafano where you will be served coffee in a long-handled open pot called a devza, or cezv (known as an Ibrik in Turkey). The coffee is then poured into a small cup similar to a demitasse.
Turkish Coffee is made my grinding the coffee beans very finely and then boiling them in water. This is done in Greece as well as Turkey, and also in many other places that serve Turkish Coffee.
It was way back in the 13th century when Turkey began roasting and grinding coffee beans. By the 16thcentury Turkey was a primary coffee distributor in the region, providing coffee to Persia, Egypt, Syria, Italy, and Venice.
Flavor of the Week
So you like flavored coffees such as the very popular Hazelnut, the equally popular Irish cream, or one of the many other options commonly available? This trend toward flavored coffees began in the United States in the 1970s.
These commercially flavored blends are made by roasting and then partially cooling the beans until they are about 100 degrees Fahrenheit. At this time the pores of the coffee beans are still open and very receptive to absorbing the flavors as they are applied.
The Rule of Five – Premium Gourmet Coffee
An Arabica coffee plant takes about five years to become mature and produce its first crop of coffee berries.
Each year the coffee plant will produce about FIVE pounds of green coffee beans.
About one-FIFTH of the green coffee beans will be deemed worthy of being graded as high quality specialty gourmet coffee.
Question: What are coffee sacks usually made from?
Coffee and Winecheck title
Gourmet coffee connoisseurs may be compared to gourmet wine connoisseurs. Both know that the product is greatly affected by many factors including climate, soil quality, soil drainage, altitude, and the care taken during harvesting and production. While wine is said to have 400 distinct flavor characteristics, coffee is said to have 800.
The human body is able to absorb, at the most, about 300 milligrams of caffeine, and dissipates about 20% of the caffeine each hour. One cup of coffee contains about 150 milligrams of caffeine.
Question: What is considered a lethal dose of caffeine? Answer: 10 grams.
Drink It – Now!!
Coffee is better fresh. Once the green coffee beans are roasted they should be stored properly, and even so will begin to lose flavor after about two weeks.
If stored properly, coffee will last a long time, but will not be as flavorful and aromatic as when it is fresh.
Once you grind the coffee it will begin to lose flavor after about one hour. Once you pull an espresso, you have just a few minutes before the flavor begins to degrade.
Fatty Fatty Two-By-Four
Espresso is about 2.5% fat, while drip/filter coffee is only about .6% fat.
Vienna’s First Coffeehouse
After Turkish troops fled Vienna, the coffee beans they left behind were used to open Vienna’s first coffehouse, which was known as the Blue Bottle.check
That’s A Latte Coffee, and A Latte Money!
About 2.5 million pounds of coffee are imported into the United States every year. Most coffee is transported on ships, and worldwide there are more than 2,300 ships being used to transport coffee.
In 2007 about 16 billion pounds of coffee were produced worldwide (most hand-picked), and the coffee industry generated about $70 billion. The premium gourmet coffee industry generates about $2 billion annually (and growing).
Home Roasting Back In the Day
Until the end of the 19th century most coffee drinkers roasted their own coffee at home using either a stove-top frying pan, a popcorn popper, or roasting the coffee beans over a charcoal fire.
Using hot air to roast coffee by heating up a roasting chamber with natural gas as the fuel was first done in 1885. This remains the preferred coffee roasting method today. About 2,000 U.S. retailers now roast coffee at their establishments.
New Year’s Resolutions
Decaffeinated coffee consumption goes up significantly in January as people resolve to cut back on their caffeine intake.
Word Origin – Espresso
The word Espresso derives from its Latin root which means “Under Pressure” or “Pressure.”
The First Cappuccino Machines – Not Subtle!
Oh those showy Italians! Always with the ornate and elegant styles! And the first Espresso machines were no exception. As they steamed and foamed they also provided entertainment including the barista’s style and technique – and perhaps even some dramatic showmanship – as they created delicious cappuccinos. These impressive first Espresso machines set the standard that is still adhered to today.
You Say To-May-To – I Say To-Mah-To
We call them coffee beans as we grind them up and brew them into tasty gourmet coffee – but they are not beans at all. Instead they are coffee berries, or more precisely, the pits at the center of the berries of the coffee tree, which is actually a bush.
Caffeine consumption in the United States comes in many forms, but three-fourths of all caffeine is consumed in the form of coffee. Other common sources are tea, soft drinks, and chocolate.
More than 63 plants contain caffeine in either the seeds, fruits, or leaves – the most common are. Caffeine was first isolated from the coffee plant in 1820.
The Japanese Love Their Coffee – In More Ways Than One!
Coffee shops in Japan are known as Kissaten. Tokyo has more than 10,000 coffee cafes and also thousands of coffee vending machines. A Japanese treatment said to reduce wrinkles involves bathing in coffee grounds that have been fermented with pineapple pulp.